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2 May 2019

Constitution Of India Most Imp Question Answer Image

The Constitution of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna) is the supreme law of India.[1] The document lays down the framework demarcating fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens. It the longest written constitution of any country on earth.[b][2][3][4] B. R. Ambedkar, chairman of the drafting committee, is widely considered to be its chief architect.It imparts constitutional supremacy (not parliamentary supremacy, since it was created by a constituent assembly rather than Parliament), and was adopted by its people with a declaration in its preamble.[5] Parliament cannot override the constitution.


It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949, and became effective on 26 January 1950.[6] The constitution replaced the Government of India Act, 1935 as the country's fundamental governing document, and the Dominion of India became the republic of India. To ensure constitutional autochthony, its framers repealed prior acts of the British parliament in Article 395.[7] India celebrates its constitution on 26 January as Republic Day.[8]
The constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular,[9][10] democratic republic, assuring its citizens justice, equality and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity.[11]
The Indian constitution is the world's longest for a sovereign nation.[b][2][3][4] At its enactment, it had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules.[13] At about 145,000 words, it is the second-longest active constitution – after the Constitution of Alabama – in the world.[27][28]
The constitution has a preamble and 448 articles,[c][15] which are grouped into 25 parts.[d][15] With 12 schedules[e][15] and five appendices,[15][29] it has been amended 101 times; the latest amendment became effective on 1 July 2017.[30
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